This Day in History, April 17, 2020 | story
Today is Friday, April 17th, the 108th day of 2020. There are still 258 days in the year.
On April 17, 1961, about 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the catastrophic Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba to overthrow Fidel Castro, whose troops put down the invasion on the third day.
On this date
In 1492, Christopher Columbus and a representative of the Spanish King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed a treaty instructing Columbus to find a western ocean passage to Asia.
In 1521 Martin Luther was charged with his religious writings before the Diet in Worms. (Luther was later declared an outlaw by Emperor Charles V.)
In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazano reached today’s New York harbor.
In 1969, a Los Angeles jury convicted Sirhan Sirhan of the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
In 1970, the Apollo 13 astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert landed safely in the Pacific, four days after a burst oxygen tank paralyzed their spaceship en route to the moon.
In 1972 women were allowed to compete for the first time in the Boston Marathon; Nina Kuscsik was the first officially recognized female champion with a time of 3:10:26.
Federal Express (later FedEx) began operations in 1973 when 14 planes with 186 packages took off from Memphis International Airport in Tennessee for 25 US cities.
In 1975, Cambodia’s five-year war ended when the capital, Phnom Penh, fell to the Khmer Rouge, who introduced brutal, radical policies that claimed an estimated 1.7 million lives by the time the regime was overthrown in 1979.
In 1986 a bomb was discovered in the bag of Anne-Marie Murphy, a pregnant Irish woman who was about to board an El Al jetliner to Israel, at London’s Heathrow Airport; She had been tricked into carrying the bomb by her Jordanian fiancé Nezar Hindawi. The bodies of kidnapped American Peter Kilburn and British Philip Padfield and Leigh Douglas were found near Beirut; They were killed in apparent retaliation for the US attack on Libya.
In 1991 the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 3,000 for the first time, ending the day at 3,004.46, up 17.58.
In 1993, a federal jury in Los Angeles convicted two former police officers of violating the civil rights of the beaten motorist Rodney King; two other officers were acquitted. Turkish President Turgut Özal has died at the age of 66.
In 2007, the day after the Virginia Tech massacre, President George W. Bush visited campus where he told students and teachers in a grim gathering that the nation was praying for them and that “there is power in these prayers.”
Ten years ago: Around 100,000 Poles filled Warsaw’s largest public square and gathered for a memorial and funeral mass for the 96 people who were killed in a plane crash the week before. (A thickening cloud of volcanic ash over Europe caused some world leaders – including President Barack Obama – to cancel plans to attend a state funeral the next day.) Pope Benedict XVI. began a pilgrimage to Malta, a Catholic nation battered by the worldwide clerical race – abuse scandal.
Five years ago: President Barack Obama left the door open for “creative negotiations” in response to Iran’s demand to immediately lift punitive sanctions under a nuclear deal (the president spoke to Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi at a White House press conference ). Finance officials from the world’s major economies meeting in Washington issued a communique welcoming modest improvements in the world economy while ignoring fears in global financial markets that Greece would not get its bailout loans. Cardinal Francis George, retired Archbishop of Chicago, died at the age of 78.
A year ago: Just days after a fire ravaged Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, New York police announced they had arrested a college philosophy teacher who was allegedly hauling St. Patrick’s Cathedral with two cans of gasoline, Had entered lighter fluid and butane lighters; They said he also booked a flight to Rome the next day. (A judge later decided to take the man to a mental health facility.) The Trump administration stepped up its crackdown on Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela by undoing the Obama administration’s policies and announcing new restrictions and sanctions against the three countries. An 18-year-old from Florida who authorities said was obsessed with the Columbine school shooting and may have planned her own attack in Colorado before her 20th anniversary was found in the mountains after a nearly 24-hour manhunt found dead outside Denver; Authorities said Sol Pais appeared to have committed suicide.
Actor David Bradley is 78. Composer and musician Jan Hammer is 72. Actress Olivia Hussey is 69. Actor Clarke Peters is 68. Rapper Afrika Bambaataa is 63. Actor Sean Bean is 61. Former NFL quarterback Boomer Esiason is 59. Actor Joel Murray is 58. Rock singer Maynard James Keenan is 56. Actress Lela Rochon is 56. Actor William Mapother is 55. Actress Leslie Bega is 53. Actor Henry Ian Cusick is 53. Actress Kimberly Elise is 53. Singer Liz Phair is 53. Director / Producer Adam McKay is 52. Rapper actor Redman is 50. Actress Jennifer Garner is 48. Country musician Craig Anderson is 47. Singer Victoria Adams Beckham is 46. Actress-singer Lindsay Korman is 42. Actor Tate Ellington is 41. Actor Nicholas D ‘Agosto is 40. Actor Charlie Hofheimer is 39. Actress Rooney Mara is 35. Actress Jacqueline MacInnes Wood is 33. Actress n Paulie Litt is 25. Actress Dee Dee Davis is 24.
Thought for today
“A cynic is not just someone who reads bitter lessons from the past; he is one who is prematurely disappointed in the future. ”- Sydney J. Harris, American journalist (1917-1986).